Nizar Baraka, Minister of Tools and Water Sources, mentioned the agricultural 12 months 2022 is taken into account one of many hottest and driest years but, going through plenty of constraints associated to excessive water demand, soil erosion, clogged dams, overexploitation of groundwater and air pollution. water assets, along with funding and human useful resource constraints.
The present interval, in line with the minister, was the second hottest 12 months after 2020; Since 1981, the typical temperature has been about 1 diploma Celsius above regular. The quantity of precipitation that fell within the nation throughout the identical interval, on common, ranged from 22 to 329 mm. This represents a deficit estimated at 47 p.c nationally in comparison with regular rainfall over the identical interval, as deficits have been recorded starting from 20 p.c to 47 p.c at Kiir Ziz Gris, Daraa Wad. Midday, Cebu, Lukkos, Sakiya el-Hamra and Wadi ed-Dahab basins, and deficit ranges of 51 to 54 p.c within the Oum Er Rbia, Tensift, Souss Massa Muluya, Bouregreg and Shaouya basins.
By way of snowfall, the typical snow cowl space decreased considerably on the Kingdom stage between 2018-2022 because it moved from a peak of 45,000 sq. kilometers in 2018 to five,000 sq. kilometers in 2022 (a shortfall of about 89 p.c) . . Snow days have been lowered by 65 p.c, from 41 days in 2018 to 14 days in 2022.
And the minister mentioned, answering questions from advisers throughout an oral debrief on Tuesday, that the overall quantity of water imports recorded in any respect main dams within the Kingdom over the identical interval is 1.98 billion cubic meters; This represents a deficit of 85 p.c in comparison with the typical annual quantity of imports.
Originally of the present hydrological 12 months, from September 1, 2022, reasonable precipitation fell, which contributed to the restoration of water provides in some reservoirs, leading to water imports of 424 million cubic meters. This represents a deficit of 43 p.c over the annual fee and a surplus of 74 p.c over the earlier 12 months. Due to this rainfall, the reservoir of the dam within the Muluya Basin recovered, bringing the present storage to 213 million cubic meters at a filling fee of 26.7 p.c in comparison with 8.5 p.c at the start of the 12 months. (The Ali Oued Zaa Dam is 100% full and the Mohammed V Dam is 17 p.c full after they have been almost empty in early September 2022.)
Weak water imports have been mirrored, in line with a authorities official, within the diploma of filling of dams within the nation, as the quantity of German dam injection shares as of November 21 was about 3.86 billion cubic meters, equal to 24 p.c per 12 months. general fill fee in comparison with 34.5% recorded on the identical date final 12 months.
Minister Istiklal harassed that the interval from 2018 to 2022 is without doubt one of the driest durations ever, with whole imports of round 17 billion cubic meters; This was the bottom whole import quantity in 5 consecutive years. Thus, in all reservoirs there’s a important scarcity affecting the availability of water from dams to satisfy the water wants of some facilities, circles and irrigation departments.
With regard to groundwater assets, most water our bodies have skilled a decline in water ranges because of inadequate rainfall and overexploitation of groundwater. As well as, aquifers which have skilled important charges of water stage decline (a couple of meter per 12 months) are among the many Souss, Saiss, Al-Khauz, Tadla and Beheira layers… which have skilled decrease charges of water stage decline. (lower than one meter per 12 months) involved the waters of Ain Bani Mutahar, Berrechid, Chauyi, Angad, Ramla, Gharb and El Aaiun.